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NSInvocation class reference

Authors

Richard Frith-Macdonald (richard@brainstorm.co.uk)
Andrew Kachites McCallum (mccallum@gnu.ai.mit.edu)

Version: 35324

Date: 2012-07-27 17:48:49 +0100 (Fri, 27 Jul 2012)

Copyright: (C) 1998,2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.


Contents -

  1. Software documentation for the NSInvocation class
  2. Software documentation for the NSInvocation(GNUstep) category

Software documentation for the NSInvocation class

NSInvocation : NSObject

Declared in:
Foundation/NSInvocation.h
Availability: OpenStep

The NSInvocation class implements a mechanism of constructing messages (as NSInvocation instances), sending these to other objects, and handling the returned values.

An NSInvocation object may contain a target object to which a message can be sent, or may send the message to an arbitrary object.
Each message consists of a selector for that method and an argument list. Once the message has been sent, the invocation will contain a return value whose contents may be copied out of it.

The target, selector, and arguments of an instance be constructed dynamically, providing a great deal of power/flexibility.

The sending of the message to the target object (using the -invoke or -invokeWithTarget: method) can be done at any time, but a standard use of this is by the [NSObject -forwardInvocation:] method which is called whenever a method is not implemented by the class of the object to which it was sent.

Related to the class are two convenience macros... NS_MESSAGE() and NS_INVOCATION() ... to allow easy construction of invocations with all the arguments set up.


Instance Variables

Method summary

invocationWithMethodSignature: 

+ (NSInvocation*) invocationWithMethodSignature: (NSMethodSignature*)_signature;
Availability: OpenStep

Returns an invocation instance which can be used to send messages to a target object using the described signature.
You must set the target and selector (using -setTarget: and -setSelector:) before you attempt to use the invocation.
Raises an NSInvalidArgumentException if the signature is nil.

argumentsRetained 

- (BOOL) argumentsRetained;
Availability: OpenStep

Returns a flag to indicate whether object arguments of the invocation (including its target) are retained by the invocation.

getArgument: atIndex: 

- (void) getArgument: (void*)buffer atIndex: (NSInteger)index;
Availability: OpenStep

Copies the argument identified by index into the memory location specified by the buffer argument.
An index of zero is the target object, an index of one is the selector, so the actual method arguments start at index 2.

getReturnValue: 

- (void) getReturnValue: (void*)buffer;
Availability: OpenStep

Copies the invocations return value to the location pointed to by buffer if a return value has been set (see the -setReturnValue: method).
If there isn't a return value then this method raises an exception.

invoke 

- (void) invoke;
Availability: OpenStep

Sends the message encapsulated in the invocation to its target.

invokeWithTarget: 

- (void) invokeWithTarget: (id)anObject;
Availability: OpenStep

Sends the message encapsulated in the invocation to anObject.

methodSignature 

- (NSMethodSignature*) methodSignature;
Availability: OpenStep

Returns the method signature of the invocation.

retainArguments 

- (void) retainArguments;
Availability: OpenStep

Instructs the invocation to retain its object arguments (including the target). The default is not to retain them.

retainArgumentsIncludingTarget: 

- (void) retainArgumentsIncludingTarget: (BOOL)retainTargetFlag;
Availability: Not in OpenStep/MacOS-X, Base 1.11.1

Similar to -[NSInvocation retainArguments], but allows the sender to explicitly control whether the target is retained as well. Retaining the target is sometimes not desirable (such as in NSUndoManager), as retain loops could result.

selector 

- (SEL) selector;
Availability: OpenStep

Returns the selector of the invocation (the argument at index 1)

setArgument: atIndex: 

- (void) setArgument: (void*)buffer atIndex: (NSInteger)index;
Availability: OpenStep

Sets the argument identified by index from the memory location specified by the buffer argument.
Using an index of 0 is equivalent to calling -setTarget: and using an argument of 1 is equivalent to -setSelector:
Proper arguments start at index 2.
NB. Unlike -setTarget: and -setSelector: the value of buffer must be a pointer to the argument to be set in the invocation.
If -retainArguments was called, then any object argument set in the receiver is retained by it.

setReturnValue: 

- (void) setReturnValue: (void*)buffer;
Availability: OpenStep

Sets the return value of the invocation to the item that buffer points to.

setSelector: 

- (void) setSelector: (SEL)aSelector;
Availability: OpenStep

Sets the selector for the invocation.

setTarget: 

- (void) setTarget: (id)anObject;
Availability: OpenStep

Sets the target object for the invocation.
If -retainArguments was called, then the target is retained.

target 

- (id) target;
Availability: OpenStep

Returns the target object of the invocation.

targetRetained 

- (BOOL) targetRetained;
Availability: Not in OpenStep/MacOS-X, Base 1.11.1

Returns YES if target has been retained yet, NO otherwise.



Instance Variables for NSInvocation Class

_argsRetained

@public BOOL _argsRetained;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_cframe

@public void* _cframe;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_info

@public void* _info;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_numArgs

@public unsigned int _numArgs;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_retptr

@public void* _retptr;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_retval

@public void* _retval;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_selector

@public SEL _selector;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_sendToSuper

@public BOOL _sendToSuper;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_sig

@public NSMethodSignature* _sig;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_target

@public id _target;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_targetRetained

@public BOOL _targetRetained;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.

_validReturn

@public BOOL _validReturn;
Availability: OpenStep

Warning the underscore at the start of the name of this instance variable indicates that, even though it is not technically private, it is intended for internal use within the package, and you should not use the variable in other code.




Software documentation for the NSInvocation(GNUstep) category

NSInvocation(GNUstep)

Declared in:
Foundation/NSInvocation.h
Availability: Base
Likely to be changed/moved/removed at 1.17.0

Provides some minor extensions and some utility methods to aid integration of NSInvocation with the Objective-C runtime.
Method summary

sendsToSuper 

- (BOOL) sendsToSuper;
Availability: Base
Likely to be changed/moved/removed at 1.17.0

Returns the status of the flag set by -setSendsToSuper:

setSendsToSuper: 

- (void) setSendsToSuper: (BOOL)flag;
Availability: Base
Likely to be changed/moved/removed at 1.17.0

Sets the flag to tell the invocation that it should actually invoke a method in the superclass of the target rather than the method of the target itself.
This extension permits an invocation to act like a regular method call sent to super in the method of a class.


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